688 (92% Inuit)
Inuktitut and English
Kugaaruk is located on the shores of Pelly Bay, south of the Gulf of Boothia on the Simpson Peninsula. Previously known as Pelly Bay, or Arviligjuaq (“great bowhead whale habitat”) in Inuktitut, it was renamed Kugaaruk meaning “little stream”, on December 3rd, 1999. Kugaaruk celebrated the first bowhead whale hunt in recorded history during the summer of 2008. Kugaaruk is home to the Netsilingmiut, or “people of the seal” and is a traditional Inuit settlement well known for its fishing and abundant sea mammals. Although most inhabitants followed a nomadic lifestyle until the late 1960s, missionaries built a stone church at the site in 1941. In 1955 a DEW Line site was established, it was later converted into the CAM-4 site, part of the North Warning System. Kugaaruk holds the record for the coldest recorded wind chill in Canada, -78°C on January 13th, 1975.
Stone Missionary Church, built 1941
Government (Hamlet); Soapstone Carving; Clothing and Fabric Manufacturing; Subsistence Hunting and Fishing
Kugaardjuq School (Grades K-12)
Hamlet Day (2nd Monday of May); Nunavut Day (July 9th)
(68°31’59” North, 89°49’36” West)